el engano populista por que se arruinan nuestros paises y como rescatarlos spanish edition

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El Enga O Populista Edici N Espa Ola

Author : Axel Kaiser Barents-von Hohenhagen
ISBN : 9788423425570
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 26 MB
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El populismo, que lleva años afianzado en los gobiernos de América Latina, ha irrumpido recientemente y con fuerza en España de la mano de Podemos. A lo largo de los años hemos visto como las políticas intervencionistas han conducido a sus países a la pobreza, a la inflación desbocada, a la corrupción –incluso en figuras como el expresidente brasileño Lula da Silva–, a los recortes de derechos y libertades y, en definitiva, a la destrucción de las posibilidades de progreso. Para entender este fenómeno tan arraigado en Hispanoamérica, los autores analizan la anatomía de la mentalidad populista, su desprecio por la libertad individual y la correspondiente idolatría por el Estado que los emparenta con totalitarismos del pasado, así como el odio hacia el neoliberalismo o su obsesión igualitarista, entre otros aspectos. Otro factor fundamental de la tradición populista, que se estudia en este libro, es la hegemonía cultural, el rol de los intelectuales y el uso del lenguaje en la creación de opinión a través de los medios de comunicación. Podemos, en este sentido, apenas ha adaptado al mercado español las formas y usos de una estrategia ya validada en otros territorios. A pesar de este panorama tan desalentador, los autores sostienen que hay esperanza. Una alternativa política que pasa por construir un nuevo republicanismo liberal a partir de la recuperación de las instituciones, la educación y el uso de las nuevas tecnologías.

Retrotopia

Author : Zygmunt Bauman
ISBN : 9781509515356
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 41 MB
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We have long since lost our faith in the idea that human beings could achieve human happiness in some future ideal state ? a state that Thomas More, writing five centuries ago, tied to a topos, a fixed place, a land, an island, a sovereign state under a wise and benevolent ruler. But while we have lost our faith in utopias of all hues, the human aspiration that made this vision so compelling has not died. Instead it is re-emerging today as a vision focused not on the future but on the past, not on a future-to-be-created but on an abandoned and undead past that we could call retrotopia. The emergence of retrotopia is interwoven with the deepening gulf between power and politics that is a defining feature of our contemporary liquid-modern world ? the gulf between the ability to get things done and the capability of deciding what things need to be done, a capability once vested with the territorially sovereign state. This deepening gulf has rendered nation-states unable to deliver on their promises, giving rise to a widespread disenchantment with the idea that the future will improve the human condition and a mistrust in the ability of nation-states to make this happen. True to the utopian spirit, retrotopia derives its stimulus from the urge to rectify the failings of the present human condition ? though now by resurrecting the failed and forgotten potentials of the past. Imagined aspects of the past, genuine or putative, serve as the main landmarks today in drawing the road-map to a better world. Having lost all faith in the idea of building an alternative society of the future, many turn instead to the grand ideas of the past, buried but not yet dead. Such is retrotopia, the contours of which are examined by Zygmunt Bauman in this sharp dissection of our contemporary romance with the past.

Open Veins Of Latin America

Author : Eduardo Galeano
ISBN : 9780853459910
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 15 MB
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Since its U.S. debut a quarter-century ago, this brilliant text has set a new standard for historical scholarship of Latin America. It is also an outstanding political economy, a social and cultural narrative of the highest quality, and perhaps the finest description of primitive capital accumulation since Marx. Rather than chronology, geography, or political successions, Eduardo Galeano has organized the various facets of Latin American history according to the patterns of five centuries of exploitation. Thus he is concerned with gold and silver, cacao and cotton, rubber and coffee, fruit, hides and wool, petroleum, iron, nickel, manganese, copper, aluminum ore, nitrates, and tin. These are the veins which he traces through the body of the entire continent, up to the Rio Grande and throughout the Caribbean, and all the way to their open ends where they empty into the coffers of wealth in the United States and Europe. Weaving fact and imagery into a rich tapestry, Galeano fuses scientific analysis with the passions of a plundered and suffering people. An immense gathering of materials is framed with a vigorous style that never falters in its command of themes. All readers interested in great historical, economic, political, and social writing will find a singular analytical achievement, and an overwhelming narrative that makes history speak, unforgettably. This classic is now further honored by Isabel Allende's inspiring introduction. Universally recognized as one of the most important writers of our time, Allende once again contributes her talents to literature, to political principles, and to enlightenment.

The System Worked

Author : Daniel W. Drezner
ISBN : 9780195373844
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 16 MB
Format : PDF
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Global governance institutions, from the International Monetary Fund to the International Olympic Committee, are little loved. They are perceived as bastions of sclerotic mediocrity at best and outright corruption at worst, and this perception is generally not far off the mark. In the wake of the 2008 financial crash, Daniel W. Drezner, like so many others, looked at the smoking ruins of the global economy and wondered why global economic governance institutional had failed so spectacularly, and what could be done to reform them in the future. But then a funny thing happened. As he surveyed their actions in the wake of the crash, he realized that the evidence pointed to the exact opposite conclusion: global economic governance had succeeded. In The System Worked, Drezner, a renowned political scientist and international relations expert, contends that despite the massive scale and reverberations of this latest crisis (larger, arguably, than those that precipitated the Great Depression), the global economy has bounced back remarkably well. Examining the major resuscitation efforts by the G-20 IMF, WTO and other institutions, he shows that, thanks to the efforts of central bankers and other policymakers, the international response was sufficiently coordinated to prevent the crisis from becoming a full-fledged depression. Yet the narrative about the failure of multilateral economic institutions persists, largely because the Great Recession most affected powerful nations whose governments made poor decisions in the management of their own economies. Also, the most influential policy analysts who write the books and articles on the crisis hail from those nations. Nevertheless, Drezner argues, while it's true that the global economy is still fragile, these institutions survived the "stress test" of the financial crisis, and may have even become more resilient and valuable in the process. Bucking the conventional wisdom about the new "G-Zero World," Drezner rehabilitates the image of the much-maligned global economic governance institutions and demolishes some of the most dangerous myths about the financial crisis. The System Worked is a vital contribution to our understanding of an area where the stakes could not be higher.

Crude Nation

Author : Raúl Gallegos
ISBN : 9781612348575
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40. 21 MB
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Beneath Venezuelan soil lies an ocean of crude--the world's largest reserves--an oil patch that shaped the nature of the global energy business. Unfortunately, a dysfunctional anti-American, leftist government controls this vast resource and has used its wealth to foster voter support, ultimately wreaking economic havoc. Crude Nation reveals the ways in which this mismanagement has led to Venezuela's economic ruin and turned the country into a cautionary tale for the world. Ra�l Gallegos, a former Caracas-based oil correspondent, paints a picture both vivid and analytical of the country's economic decline, the government's foolhardy economic policies, and the wrecked lives of Venezuelans. Without transparency, the Venezuelan government uses oil money to subsidize life for its citizens in myriad unsustainable ways, while regulating nearly every aspect of day-to-day existence in Venezuela. This has created a paradox in which citizens can fill up the tanks of their SUVs for less than one American dollar while simultaneously enduring nationwide shortages of staples such as milk, sugar, and toilet paper. Gallegos's insightful analysis shows how mismanagement has ruined Venezuela again and again over the past century and lays out how Venezuelans can begin to fix their country, a nation that can play an important role in the global energy industry.

Instruments Of Statecraft

Author : Michael McClintock
ISBN : UOM:39015022271798
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 69 MB
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Uses recently declassified documents to survey the American use of covert warfare against terrorists and adversarial states

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